Word of the Day: state

Word of the Day
May 17, 2016
state (noun, adjective, verb)
/steɪt/  sound icon
 
The world is made up of many states.
A state is a political unit of people occupying a defined territory, and it is also the authority and administration of that territory. In addition, a state is also the condition of something or someone. When we say that someone is in a state, we mean that they are nervous and worried or upset about something. As an adjective, state refers to everything related to or under the control of a political state or something involving some official ceremony. As a verb, state means 'to declare or say something,' either in writing or verbally, and can be a more formal version of say.

 

Example sentences
 
The inhabitants tried to declare their island an independent state.
The state controls all public finances.
Parents often nag their teenage children about the untidy state of their rooms.
Emily was really in a state before she took her exam.
The state schools in this area are very good.
Presidents, prime ministers, and members of royal families often make state visits to other countries.
Walter stated his intention to win the competition.

 

Multi-word forms
 
lie in state: when someone important or famous dies, that person's coffin and body are sometimes put in a place where the public can see it. This is called "lying in state." Example: "The King lay in state for seven days between his death and his funeral."
state-of-the-art: modern, most recent. Example: "We have a brand new kitchen with a state-of-the-art refrigerator."
state of affairs: situation. Example: "The government was trying to hide the true state of affairs from the people."
in no fit state: not capable of something. Example: "You're in no fit state to drive; you've had way too much to drink!"
state the obvious. Example: "We won't explain what this means; that would be stating the obvious!"
 
Did you know?
 
State never has to have an initial capital letter, but it often does when referring to a country or its government. For example, someone might write "The State must intervene to ensure the safety of all its citizens," but the sentence would still be correct if it was written without a capital letter at the beginning of state. However, it is never capitalized when referring to a state within a country, unless it's part of an official name: "They drove across the state to go to the State of Illinois Building."
 
Other forms
 
statable (adjective), statement (noun)
 
Origin
 
State dates back to the late 12th or early 13th century. It originated in the Latin word status (rērum), meaning 'state (of things)' or status (reī pūblicae), meaning 'state (of the republic),' which formed the Middle English word stat, a short variant of estat, meaning 'state.'
 
 
 
 
 
State in other languages
 
 
 
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