Intermediate+ Word of the Day: clog

clog (verb, noun) /klɑg, klɔg/ LISTEN

A woman fixing a clogged sink

To clog means ‘to block or obstruct with a thick substance,’ ‘to fill excessively,’ and ‘to hinder or impede.’ A clog is anything that restricts movement. Unrelatedly, a clog is a type of shoe or sandal with a thick sole or bottom, made of wood or cork. A clog dance is a type of dance performed wearing these shoes and to clog, as a verb, is also to dance this type of dance.

Example sentences

  • Someone has poured cooking oil down the sink and now the pipe is clogged with fat.
  • The hallway was so clogged with bags and coats that it was almost impossible to walk through it.
  • Progress is being clogged by all the paperwork that has to be completed.
  • The plumber removed the clog from the drain.
  • Clogs are particularly well known as traditional shoes in Holland.
  • The dance troupe will perform a clog dance as part of tonight's show.
  • The dancers were clogging on the stage.

In pop culture

In Britain, clog dancing began during the Industrial Revolution. No one is sure of the dance’s exact origins, but it may have started in cotton mills in Lancashire (in the north of England), where workers wore wooden soled shoes to keep their feet dry in the mills, which were kept damp to help with cotton spinning. To keep their feet warm, the workers would tap them in time with the machines they were working. This led to dancing competitions when the workers had breaks. People still clog-dance today, especially in Wales and Lancashire, but also in the US, where it is more often known as clogging. Here is a video of a Lancashire group performing at the Derby Folk Festival:

Additional information

The earliest meaning of clog as a noun is a thick piece of wood and the word is still used to mean this in Scotland.

Did you know?

There is also a variety of wheat called clog-wheat, which is also known as cone-wheat or bearded-wheat.

Other forms

cloggy (adjective)

Origin

Clog, or clogge in Middle English, dates back to the early to mid-14th century, and meant ‘a lump of wood.’ Its origin is unknown, but linguists think it is Germanic, because of similar a few words in other Germanic languages, such as the Norweigan klugu (knotty log of wood). It also probably has the same origin as the English word log. Clogge was also used figuratively in Middle English to refer to large pieces of jewelry and large testicles. The sense of ‘wooden soled shoes’ was first recorded in the late 14th century, and is a figurative use of the original meaning (these shoes were lumps of wood), even though now clogs can be made of many different materials. The most common meaning today, ‘something that impedes action,’ or ‘something that blocks or obstructs’ dated back to the early 16th century. The verb comes from the noun, and dates back to the late 14th century. It originally meant ‘to hinder,’ especially with a piece of wood. The meaning ‘to obstruct’ first appeared in the early 17th century.

Clog was suggested by Rodrigo, from Uruguay

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