Intermediate+ Word of the Day: coach

coach (noun, verb, adverb) /koʊtʃ/ LISTEN

A coach explaining a play to her team.

In the UK, a coach is a bus, a car on a train, and also a large horse-drawn carriage, usually an enclosed one. In US English, coach is also the colloquial name for least expensive class of plane seat, also known as economy class. In sports, a coach is a person who trains a team or an athlete and, outside sports, a coach is a private instructor. As a verb, to coach means ‘to train, instruct or work as a coach.’ As an adverb, in US English, coach refers to coach class, meaning ‘in coach class seats.’

Example sentences

  • The walking club is organizing a coach trip to the mountains.
  • Jane was traveling in the front coach of the train.
  • Rose's great-great-grandfather drove a coach between Manchester and London.
  • Hugh's seat is in coach.
  • The team's coach works them hard.
  • Nancy wants to be an opera singer, so she is having lessons with a vocal coach.
  • Martin coaches the school soccer team.
  • We always fly coach when we go on vacation.

In pop culture

Before trains and motorized transport, horse-drawn carriages called stagecoaches were the only means of public transport and they used to carry passengers and mail between cities. They were frequently robbed by thieves known as highwaymen. The highwaymen would waylay (stop) the coach and rob the passengers of their money, jewelery, and other valuables. Highwaymen were often perceived as being daring and glamorous, which is perhaps why the highwayman theme was used by British new wave band Adam and the Ants in their 1981 hit “Stand and Deliver” (a phrase that was supposedly used by highwaymen when they stopped the coaches–followed by “Your money or your life,” which is also in the song’s lyrics). You can hear the song and see the video, featuring the band’s singer, Adam Ant, dressed as a highwayman robbing a stagecoach here:

Did you know?

In the UK, the terms coach and bus are often used interchangeably, which can be confusing, but generally a coach is used for long-distance travel, with only infrequent stops to collect or drop off passengers, whereas a bus is for more local routes, such as public transport around a city or taking children to and from school, and stops at frequent, short intervals to collect and drop people off. In the US, we call both of these forms of transport a bus.

Origin

Coach dates back to the mid-16th century, when coche (the ‘e’ was dropped soon after) meant a ‘large carriage.’ It comes from the Hungarian noun kocsi, short for kocsi szekér, which meant ‘cart of Kocs,’ a town on the main road between Vienna and Budapest. The Hungarian name dates back to the early 15th century, and is related to the German Kotsche or Kutsche. There are equivalents in many European languages, such as the Spanish coche, the Portuguese coche, the Italian cocchio and the Dutch koets. It has applied to train cars since the mid-19th century, and to economy class since the mid-20th century. There is a related verb, which we don’t use much today. It means ‘to carry or convey in a coach,’ and dates back to the early 17th century. With the sense of guide or tutor dates back to the mid-19th century, and came out of Oxford University. There, coach was slang for tutor, since this was ‘the person who carried you through the exams.’ It has been applied to sports since the 1860s. The verb comes from the noun, and, with this sense, first appeared in the mid-19th century.

Coach was suggested by Dóri, from Hungary.

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