Intermediate+ Word of the Day: flounder

To flounder means ‘to struggle to move or to gain balance,’ usually helplessly and quite clumsily. Related to this, it also means ‘to speak or act in a clumsy way or with hesitation’ and, more generally, ‘to struggle’ or ‘to be in great difficulty.’ You might have also heard that a flounder is a type of flatfish mostly found at the bottom of many oceans around…

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Intermediate+ Word of the Day: heap

A heap is a group of things thrown or placed one on top of one another, forming an untidy pile. Informally, any great or large number of anything can be called a heap. As a verb, to heap means ‘to gather in a heap’ or ‘to put in a heap.’ To heap also means ‘to accumulate’ and, if you give something in great amounts or supply something or someone with great deal of something, that’s also to heap and, in this sense, the verb is often used with…

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Intermediate+ Word of the Day: falter

To falter is a verb that means ‘to hesitate or waver in action, purpose, or intent,’ ‘to speak with doubt or hesitation,’ or, when we are talking about someone’s voice or speech, ‘to be unsteady or wavering.’ In relation to movement, it means ‘to walk or move unsteadily.’ If machines or other devices falter, it means that they stop working smoothly. As a noun, falter is a…

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Intermediate+ Word of the Day: muck

Muck is farmyard waste, which is often used as fertilizer, or animal excrement. More generally, mud, dirt, or fitlh can be called muck as well. Mainly in UK English, something of poor quality, especially food, can be called muck. As a verb, to muck means ‘to make dirty’ or, now usually followed by out, ‘to clear the…

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Intermediate+ Word of the Day: clam

A clam is a soft-bodied edible shellfish with two connected shells. Informally, a very silent and secretive person can be called a clam. As a slang term in the US, a clam is a dollar, though this is now a bit dated. As a verb, mainly used in US English, to clam means ‘to dig for or gather…

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