Rough is an adjective that describes an uneven and possibly granular surface that is not smooth at all. It also refers to an attitude or a person that is rude, not gentle, and sometimes violent, or it can describe something that is unpleasant or dangerous, or that has been done without care. It also means 'approximate' or 'not exact.'
The winter makes my lips rough and dry.
He is a rough guy and thinks he can use violence to get his way.
Mary had arough year after her father died.
They live in a rough neighborhood.
Mark built his first chair today. It looks quite rough, but it works.
I'm not 100 percent sure how to use this machine but I have a rough idea.
Words often used with rough
rough estimate (noun): an approximate calculation
rough sea (noun): the sea in bad weather when the waves are big
rough-and-ready (adjective): not perfectly finished, but able to be used
Did you know?
"Roughhouse" is a word mostly used in North America that means 'to play in a rough way' or 'to handle something roughly but still playfully.' Example: "If I see that my kids are roughhousing, I make them stop before they hurt each other." It is also a noun that means rough and chaotic playing. In British English, this is "rough and tumble."
roughly (adverb), roughness (noun)
Rough dates back to before 1000 and comes from the Old English word rūh. It is similar to the Dutch word ruig and the German word rauh.