ham (noun, verb) /hæm/ LISTEN
You might know already that ham is ‘a cut of meat that comes from the hind quarter of a hog‘ (a pig raised for eating). It is also used for human anatomy, often in the plural form hams, and it means ‘the back of the thigh, or the thigh and the buttock together.’ Unrelatedly, ‘an actor or performer who performs in a exaggerated way or overacts’ is also called a ham and so is ‘an amateur radio operator.’ The verb to ham means ‘to overact’ or ‘to act with exaggerated expression of emotions.’
- Nick went to the butcher's to buy some ham.
- Sit down and rest your hams on a chair for a while.
- I did want to see that play, but I've just read who the lead actor is. He's a terrible old ham; I don't think I'll bother going.
- There is a wide network of radio hams.
- That actress was hamming terribly all the way through the movie; I don't know how she got the part.
Words often used with ham
ham it up: to overact. Example: “Oh, I see that actor is hamming it up again!”
ham-handed, ham-fisted: clumsy. Example: “I’m hopeless at sewing; I’m just too ham-fisted to make neat stitches.”
In pop culture
There is a series of illustrated children’s books by Doctor Seuss, featuring rhyming text. One of the most popular examples is Green Eggs and Ham. You can watch and listen to an animated version here:
Did you know?
hamstring (noun), hambone (noun)
Ham, meaning ‘thigh of a hog,’ especially salted, cured or smoke-dried, dates back to before the year 1000. The Old English hamm (hamme in Middle English) originally meant ‘part of the human leg behind the knee,’ and ‘the hock of a four-legged animal.’ Its sense extended from here to the one we know today in the early 17th century, and eventually lost the older meanings, though it has been used figuratively to refer to parts of the human body for centuries. It can be traced back to the Proto-Germanic root hamma– and the Proto-Indo-European kone-mo– (shin bone). It is related to the Old Norse höm, the Middle Low German, the Middle Dutch hamme and the Old High German hamma, as well as the Greek kné̄mē (calf of the leg) and the Old Irish cnáim (bone). Ham-handed, meaning ‘clumsy,’ dates back to the late 19th century, while ham-fisted to the early 20th century. Ham, meaning ‘an inferior or overacting performer’ dates back to the late 19th century, and is short for hamfatter, a reference to the minstrel song “The Hamfat Man” and the quality of acting in minstrel shows in general. In this sense, the verb comes from the noun, and dates back to the 1930s.