steal (verb, noun) /stil/ LISTEN
You probably know that steal means ‘to take something that belongs to someone else without their permission.’ It also means ‘to move or go quietly’ or ‘to happen gradually, without really being noticed.’ In baseball, it means ‘to reach a base safely by running while the ball is being pitched to the player at bat.’ As a noun, a steal is ‘a bargain—something bought at a lower cost than its real price.’
- The thieves stole several valuable paintings from the museum.
- The parents stole quietly from the room, so as not to wake the sleeping children.
- One day, the man realized he was old and wondered at how many years had stolen by.
- The player managed to steal third base.
- I found that antique vase at a garage sale; it was an absolute steal!
Words often used with steal
steal someone’s thunder: to take credit for something someone else has done or to take attention away from someone else by doing something first. Example: “The President was pleased to receive the report of falling crime figures in New York and called a big press conference to announce the news, but the Mayor stole his thunder by announcing it first.”
steal the show (or: scene): to become or make yourself the center of attention. Example: “Everyone was excited about seeing the Queen, but in the end, it was the little girl in the wheelchair who presented Her Majesty with a bouquet of flowers who stole the show.”
In pop culture
If you steal a kiss from someone, it means that you kiss them suddenly and unexpectedly. You can listen to Frank Sinatra singing “If I Steal a Kiss” in this clip from the 1949 movie The Kissing Bandit:
Commonly confused with
Don’t confuse steal with steel. Steel is pronounced in exactly the same way, but it is a type of metal.
Steal dates back to before the year 900. The Old English verb stelan (pronounced shteh-lan), which became stelen in Middle English, meant ‘to commit a theft’ or ‘to take clandestinely without right or permission.’ It can be traced back to the Proto-Germanic verb stelan and the Proto-Indo-European root stel-, which was likely a variant of ster– (to rob or steal). It is related to the Old Saxon stelan, the Old Norse, the Old Frisian stela, the Dutch stelen, the Old High German stelan, the German stehlen, the Old Norse stela and the Gothic stilan, all meaning ‘to steal.’ The idea of secrecy seems to be part of the meaning from the start, so the sense ‘to move quietly’ evolved from there around the early 14th century. It has been used about kisses since the late 14th century, and glances and sighs since the 16th century. The sports sense is from the mid-19th century. The noun comes from the verb. It dates back to the early 19th century, but back then, it literally meant ‘a theft.’ A figurative sense, ‘a bargain,’ developed in the mid-20th century, and is more common now.