forfeit (verb, noun, adjective) /ˈfɔrfɪt/ LISTEN
To forfeit means ‘to lose or become likely to lose, because of a crime, fault, or breach of engagement’ or ‘to give something up because of something else.’ As a noun, forfeit is the act of forfeiting and also something to which the right is lost, as for commission of a crime, neglect of duty, or violation of a contract. Forfeit is also an adjective meaning ‘lost or subject to loss by forfeiture.’
- The criminal was deemed to have forfeited his rights.
- The player forfeited the game because she refused to play.
- Oliver forfeited watching the football on Saturday afternoon to take his kids to the zoo.
- The team had to pull out of the game, because half the players were sick, which resulted in an automatic forfeit.
- A forfeit must be paid for the breach of contract.
- The forfeit property was seized by the State.
In pop culture
At the beginning of this scene from the 2004 movie adaptation of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice, starring Al Pacino, you can hear Salarino say “I am sure, if he forfeit, you will not take his flesh.”
Did you know?
Forfeits are also penalties that someone may have to pay in a game if they lose or make a mistake. They normally take the form of some kind of stunt or action undertaken for the amusement of the other players.
Forfeit dates back to the late 13th century. The Middle English noun forfet came from the Anglo-French forfet and the Old French forfait (crime or punishable offense), the past participle of the verb forfaire (to transgress), from the prefix for- (outside, beyond), which can be traced back to the Latin adverb foris (outside, outdoor) and the verb faire (to do), which can be traced back to the Latin facere (to make or do, to bring about or to perform) and the Proto-Indo-European root dhe– (to set or put). It is related to the French verb faire, the Spanish hacer, the Italian fare and the Portuguese fazer, all of which mean ‘to do,’ as well as the English words, including abdomen, affect, defect, doom, edify, effect, face, factory, fashion, infect, modify, office, sacrifice and verify, among many others. The verb comes from the noun, and dates back to around the year 1300. The noun has also been used as an adjective since the late 13th century, as was done in Old French as well.