Intermediate+ Word of the Day: stun

stun (verb) /stʌn/ LISTEN

When you stun someone, it means that you make them lose consciousness, feeling, or strength through a blow to the head, an electric shock, or something similar. Figuratively, to stun is to amaze or astonish and also to shock or overwhelm. As a noun, although rare, a stun is the act of stunning or the condition of being stunned.

Example sentences

  • The boxer stunned her opponent with a right hook.
  • The spectators were stunned by the acrobat's performance.
  • People all over the world are stunned by this dreadful tragedy.
  • The stun left David feeling dazed.
  • Before the crowd could get over their stun, the magician had performed another impressive trick.

Words often used with stun

stun gun: a weapon that delivers an electric shock in order to stun someone and incapacitate them temporarily

In pop culture

Listen to Morrissey singing World Peace Is None of Your Business here:

Listen out for the lyrics “Police will stun you with their stun guns.”

Did you know?

The related adjective stunning can be used to talk about something that is literally stunning, that is, something that causes someone to be dazed or lose consciousness, or about something that is astonishing or shocking. However, if you say that someone is stunning, that means that they are very attractive (so attractive that you are stunned by their beauty). You can also call someone very attractive “a stunner.”

Commonly confused with

Don’t confuse stun with stunt. A stunt is a performance showing daring, a feat performed for publicity, or a dangerous-looking act for a movie.

Other forms

stunning, stunned (adjective), stunner (noun), astonish (verb)

Origin

Stun dates back to the late 13th century. The Middle English verb stunen or stonen, meaning ‘to daze or make unconscious’ (either with a physical blow or emotionally), came into the language from the Old French estoner (to stun, daze, astound or deafen). It can be traced back to the Vulgar Latin verb extonare, which is made up of the Latin prefix ex (out) and verb tonare (to thunder), literally meaning ‘to leave someone thunderstruck,’ and further back to the Proto-Indo-European root (s)tene-. Stun is related to the French étourdir, the Italian stordire and the Spanish aturdir (all meaning ‘to stun’), as well as the Sanskrit tanayitnuh (thundering) the Persian tundar (thunder), the Swedish tordön (thunder), and the English words astonish and thunder, among others.

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